(NEW YORK) — When the CDC tweeted that washing raw chicken can actually spread germs, some home cooks were shook.
— CDC (@CDCgov) April 26, 2019
So GMA spoke to a chef and educator from the Institute for Culinary Education, Palak Patel, to understand the best practices for poultry prep.
Breaking it all down
Why is it unsanitary to wash a raw chicken?
Washing raw chicken can cause bacteria on the chicken to splash and cling to clean surfaces, including your hands, causing cross-contamination. Cut out any steps of washing chicken from the recipe entirely.
Just cooking poultry thoroughly eliminates harmful bacteria and pathogens.
What’s the safest way to handle raw chicken?
The safest way to handle raw chicken is to prevent raw poultry and its juices from touching other foods, especially fruits and vegetables.
Before and after handling raw poultry, be sure to wash your hands, surface, knives, tools and cutting boards with warm, soapy water for 20 seconds.
Where chicken is placed in the fridge and freezer is important as chicken juice has a tendency to leak outside of its container. This can cause contamination if it comes into contact with your produce or cooked food.
Place chicken package in a bag or remove and place it in a container. Alternatively, place it on a plate, then cover it — and always store it on the bottom shelf of your refrigerator.
How can you ensure a raw chicken is properly cleaned and sanitary?
After buying chicken, store it at a proper temperature in the refrigerator on the bottom shelf. If the chicken is frozen, thaw it in the refrigerator overnight and not on the kitchen counter. At room temperature, chicken and raw meat can develop harmful bacteria.
Use thawed chicken within 48 hours and do not put it back into the freezer after defrosting.
Pre-prep all ingredients, including chopping and pre-heating pans, before handling raw chicken.
Pro Tip: Invest in two separate cutting boards, one for meat only and another for produce. Use tongs to handle raw and cleaned tools for cooked meat.
Don’t wash the chicken, but wash your hands before and after handling chicken. Limit handling raw food as much as possible during prep and cooking.
We didn’t mean to get you all hot about not washing your chicken! But it’s true: kill germs by cooking chicken thoroughly, not washing it. You shouldn’t wash any poultry, meat, or eggs before cooking. They can all spread germs around your kitchen. Don’t wing food safety!
— CDC (@CDCgov) April 29, 2019
Once the chicken is cooked, the risk of food poisoning is gone, but if there is any cross-contamination during cooking, there is still a risk for illness from consuming the raw produce.
It’s not safe to refreeze chicken that has been defrosted.
The best ways to safely cook chicken
To cook chicken evenly, prepare a chicken breast by pounding it to achieve even thickness. Place chicken breasts on a sheet of plastic wrap, cover them with another sheet of wrap and give them a few whacks with a kitchen mallet, focusing on the thicker end. There’s no need to beat them thin, just even them out a little.
Start with patting chicken dry — you’ll get a much better sear and a better chance of getting that nice golden color. Dry surfaces ensure a seal from the outside to keep juices inside, keeping the chicken juicy.
Rely on a proper thermometer. An under-cooked breast isn’t safe, but an overcooked isn’t tasty. Use an instant-read thermometer to make sure the thickest end gets to 155 degrees. Carry-over heat will take it to 165 degrees, which is safe, without drying them out.
Pro tip: A digital thermometer reads temperatures accurately and removes any guesswork.
Marinating chicken breasts overnight is the best way to add flavor. Then, sauté them in a skillet.
Boneless, skinless chicken breasts are very common because they are easy to handle and require very little cooking time. They don’t have much taste, though, so add a marinade beforehand or surround them with lots of flavor after they’re done cooking.
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